Posts Tagged ‘Survival Knowledge’

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Here in part 3 of my 72 Hour Kits and Survival Bags post I discuss tips and information which may  help you to choose and build or purchase a kit/bag of your choosing.  My personal belief is that there is no wrong kit or bag nor one all encompassing mega survival ensemble.  Sure, some individuals may pack so much gear that there bag is too heavy for them to pack around; however it doesn’t mean it is wrong.  I will say if your bag is on the heavy side it would be advisable to hike/walk with it regularly to become acclimated and fit with it.  A survival kit or bag should be balanced with the suggested minimal amount of gear and tools to accomplish any survival task you may find a need to accomplish.

Again a belief of mine in regards to tools and equipment/gear is that the key items such as the following should be comprised of quality brand/researched items.

  • Knife(s) (survival/bushcraft, hunting etc.)
  • Multi-tool
  • Compass
  • Bottle
  • Paracord
  • Flashlight
  • Radio (transmitter and or receiver)
  • Fire Steel or Magnesium Bar

Other items may be comprised of lessor quality or more inexpensive items again my personal belief.  The reason behind this is that the key items are items which you may really need to depend on and use repeatedly.  You do not want any of those items to fail.

What kind of survival bag should I build or buy?  This really depends on what you intend for the kit/bag.  Do you want a bag that has the tools and equipment you need on a daily basis?  Then you may want to consider an EDC bag which would have the tools and equipment you may need daily such as a multi-tool, flashlight, pens and pencils, cell phone, camera and so on.  Is preparedness for disasters, disturbances, emergencies or road side mishaps your focus?  For these types of situations you may want to consider a 72 hour survival kit/bag for longer lasting more survival oriented scenarios.  Or do you desire a bag that will get you home (get home bag) from work on foot if necessary provided you live within walking/hiking distance of your work place.  Maximum walking distance per individual is variable dependent on fitness level, shoes and other factors such as whether you are carrying a pack but may be 6-20 miles in a day.  See the following article for more information and please conduct your own research on this topic.

http://walking.about.com/b/2007/03/19/how-far-can-a-healthy-person-walk.htm

My current survival bag is a morph between a 72 hour bag and get home bag however it also has items minus the cell phone and camera that could be used daily if needed.  Some individuals may consider a bag like mine heavy at 25-30 pounds which to be honest probably is.  I personally would rather have the items I need when I need them as opposed to needing the items I should of had.  One way to reduce the weight of your pack/bag is to pack it with items that have multiple uses such as a pencil sharpener which may sharpen a stick for a spear and provide shavings for fire tinder.  A good survival knife can skin an animal, baton down a tree and split kindling for a fire eliminating the need for an axe, and hunting knife.

If all of this information seems overwhelming to you I suggest you start small literally.  Begin with putting together your own Altoids survival tin which is an affordable way to have basic items you would need for survival that can be kept in your pocket or purse.  You can fit 15-30 or more items in the tin and many of them you can find around your home.  In my next post I will share my Altoids survival tin and suggest items to fill yours with.  Thank you for reading my posts.

 

This is a short post on waterproof fire tinder you can prepare yourself.  I recently prepared my own waterproof fire tinder that works very effectively.  It is important to have good tinder and to practice with it before you need it in an emergency situation.  The reason for this it that your finger dexterity and ability to do so may be reduced or diminished  in a survival situation.   This project was not my idea and I obtained the information on how to prepare the fire tinder from Hedgehog Leatherworks which has a great article on the topic.  I found the material to make the tinder at our local super market for under $7.00 and prepared it in about 15 minutes.

How To Make Waterproof Tinder For Fire Starting, click the link to the left to view the article and video at Hedgehog Leatherworks.

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To increase the odds of your survival in any extreme situation you must start with some knowledge in regards to survival.  Knowledge of survival tips, tricks and skills provide you with the foundation with which you can begin to build on.  This post is intended to give you some of the basic survival knowledge that you should be aware of.

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In my opinion first you must keep calm and avoid panic.  Panic can cause you to make irrational decisions which could jeopardize your life.  Along with keeping calm practice maintaining a survival mindset believing you are going to survive and thinking about survival.  A good survival mindset involves managing your thoughts, fears and anxieties so that you can make good judgements and stay positive about your situation.  Survivors of horrible ordeals have been able to overcome all kinds of obstacles and fears and survive in a large part due to a survival mindset.  There are numerous recounts of documented survival feats such as one individual who overcame all odds to survive 76 days adrift in the ocean.  A survival mindset coupled with the will to survive can help save your life.

You need to know your vulnerabilities in order to protect yourself and as humans we all have the same basic vulnerabilities.  The Rule of Threes will help you remember that in any extreme situation you cannot survive for more than:

  • 3 minutes without breathing (drowning, asphyxiation)
  • 3 hours without shelter in an extreme environment (exposure)
  • 3 days without water (dehydration)
  • 3 weeks without food (starvation)

You need air to breath, shelter to stay warm and dry, water to stay hydrated with and food to maintain your energy.  The order in which they are prioritized with the exception of breathing may change depending on the circumstances or situation.  Memorize the rule of threes; however allow for flexibility of their priority.  If it is extremely hot or cold fighting the threat of exposure will be your highest priority.  Exposure is simply your body being exposed to extremes in temperature, the elements or environment.  If it is cold outside you could succumb to hypothermia with your heart ultimately stopping if no action is taken.  If it is extremely hot outside you may suffer from heat exhaustion or heat stroke and ultimately die.  So in these instances shelter and fire for the cold and shelter and water for the heat your priorities may be.  However you may need to consider whether in the heat of day it is advisable or detrimental to your health to look for water.  Instead it may be better to look for water in evening as the sun is going down but then it may be too dark and you may get hurt or further lost.  Or maybe you have the material to make a solar still for water which may not take as much energy in the heat of day as foraging for water may.  These are some of the things that you may need to think about and judge in your situation.

Preparation is a key element in your ability to survive as knowledge alone will not generally save you.  You will need some basic tools and equipment to aid you in your survival.  You should always have access to or carry the items that will help you in the event that you need them.  The items needed are directly related to the rule of threes in that they give you the ability to protect yourself from the elements, find or gather food, make shelter or provide warmth,the ability to cook and provide some security.  Items such as a good knife, a fire steel, emergency whistle, and emergency blanket are items that you may want to consider keeping on you or with you daily.  I have researched a lot of equipment and in doing so combined the high quality items together to form what I call an Every Day Carry (EDC) Survival Kit (pictured below).  The kit is meant to be kept in your vehicle or carried with you every day so that you are always prepared by having the basic items you may need.

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The above EDC Survival Kit is small in size and weight so it is easy to take along on hikes, kayaking, biking and camping trips or just any time your in the woods.  If you have a kit and don’t need to use it you will be at ease; however if you don’t have a kit and need one you will wish you had one.  Whether you research, find and buy items to build a kit on your own or purchase a ready made one like mine I Recommend that you do so now.  All of the items in the EDC Survival Kit that I sell are quality made items with very good reviews there are no imitations or poorly made items included.
The EDC Survival Kit includes the following items:
  • Water Bottle Pouch/Bag
  • 32 oz Water Bottle
  • Stainless Steel Pot/Drinking Cup
  • Filter Straw
  • Fire Steel/Striker
  • Pocket Cook Stove & Fuel Tablets
  • Bushcraft Knife
  • Mini L.E.D Flashlight
  • Heat Reflective Emergency Blanket/Survival Blanket
  • Compass
  • Emergency Whistle

I also include a list of additional items that you may find around your house to include in and enhance your kit even more.

The items in the kit enable you to perform the following:

  • Drink from a puddle, river, stream or lake with the included filter straw
  • Use the utility/bushcraft knife to process firewood/kindling and fire tinder or build a shelter
  • Start a fire
  • Use cooking pot and cookstove to boil water for safe drinking
  • Use the flashlight for signaling and in the dark
  • Use the emergency blanket for a reflective shelter to stay warm under or to wrap up in
  • Use the compass to navigate
  • Use the emergency whistle to alert rescuers

Thank you for reading my post I hope this post spurs your interest in preparedness and helps you become prepared if you are not.  If you are already prepared and have this knowledge thank you for reading my post.  Either way feel free to comment.  Be safe be prepared and be alive.